Melasma, a skin condition that comes from an overproduction of pigment within the skin, tends to fade away on its own within a few months. If you want to minimize the pigment sooner, the team of medical and cosmetic dermatologists at Houston Skin Associates in Museum District, Houston, and Pearland, Texas, can provide prescriptions and treatments to clear the spots and patches. To schedule a treatment consultation, call the office nearest you or book an appointment online today.
Melasma is a temporary skin condition that causes pigmented areas to appear on your face, forehead, and forearms. Its nickname is “the mask of pregnancy” since many women get it for a while before they give birth.
If you have it, you might find that your symptoms worsen during the summer months because of a higher amount of sun exposure.
Patches of skin with melasma tend to develop light brown, dark brown, or blue-ish gray spots. They appear because some stimuli, like hormones or sunlight, cause the melanocytes in your skin to produce excessive melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its color.
The team at Houston Skin Associates treats three main types of melasma. When you come in for a treatment consultation, the team reviews your medical history and examines your skin to make or confirm your diagnosis. Then, they create a treatment plan according to the type of melasma you have.
The three types of melasma are:
Epidermal melasma is a type of melasma that originates in the surface layer of your skin, called the epidermis. This is the easiest type to treat and appears in darker tones with well-defined borders on the pigmented patches or spots.
Dermal melasma originates in your skin’s dermis, the layer below the epidermis. The spots tend to be blurrier with lighter hues, such as gray or tan.
Mixed melasma is the most common of the three types and combines the other varieties.
The team at Houston Skin Associates creates your individualized treatment plan after exploring the possible underlying causes. Possibilities include too much LED screen time, hormones, pregnancy, tanning beds, and sunlight.
If you discover a definite underlying issue, you may be able to take steps toward clearing your melasma by avoiding the cause. For example, you can apply extra sunscreen, change your birth control prescription, or stop using a product that’s affecting your skin.
The team at Houston Skin Associates can prescribe medications for melasma, such as topical corticosteroids or tretinoin. In-office services, like chemical peels, laser treatments, or intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy can also help clear your melasma spots.
To schedule an appointment and learn more about treatments for melasma, call Houston Skin Associates or book an appointment online today.